3. The Vicetia’s Roman Aqueduct

Recent excavations (summer 2012) under the supervision of the Veneto Regional Board for Archaeological Heritage have documented an extraordinary sequence of ten newly discovered foundations of the pillars that supported the aqueduct that fed the city’s baths, fountains, and public and private buildings. These elements are aligned with other remains of the ancient structure conserved in the basement of number 220, and further our knowledge of this ancient construction, which is unique in Northern Italy. It is widely known that the aqueduct started at the spring in the northern plateau, near Motta di Costabissara, and went through Lobia 3 km north-west of the city, where the only pillars and arches still standing are located. After crossing the Astico/Bacchiglione river, it continued straight towards corso Fogazzaro, running near the western edge of viale Ferrarin. Near Dal Molin/Del Din airport, archeological excavations in 2009 and 2010 found thirteen column foundations perfectly aligned along a northwest/southeast axis. An abutment built in conglomerate with cocciopesto (lime mortar with crushed tiles or bricks) and a facing of regular rows of rectangular blocks of limestone was also discovered in 1995. All of the bases are made of cement conglomera-te with white mortar, and have dimensions between 1.40 and 1.45 m (north-south length) x 1.80 m, with a variable height depending on the height of the ground plane. They are regularly spaced at intervals of 2.80 m. These foundations alternate with larger cross-shaped abutments (every 8 columns). A via glareata (a typology of Roman road featuring a graveled surface) ran alongside the western edge of the aqueduct, as shown by recent archaeological finds.

Veduta da nord di due piloni in corso di scavo (Archivio Soprintendenza per i Beni Archeologici del Veneto)

View from the north of the excavation of two pillars (Archive of the Veneto Regional Board for Archeological Heritage)

Dettaglio della risega di fondazione e del paramento in blocchetti calcarei (Archivio Soprintendenza per i Beni Archeologici del Veneto)

Detail of the recess of the foundations and the limestone block wall (Archive of the Veneto Regional Board for Archeological Heritage)