2. The Roman road and the walls of San Lorenzo

This site features a reconstruction of a stretch of road discovered in nearby corso Fogazzaro, which was maybe one of the minor Western cardi of the ancient road network. The cardo maximus ran from north-west to south-east on the route that is currently traced by contra’ Porti, contra’ del Monte, and contra’ Peschiera towards ponte San Paolo. It was one of the main axes of Roman Vicenza and crossed the decumanus maximus, which ran under today’s corso Palladio. Other portions of the cardines and decumani were discovered in various parts of the city: they delineate a road network that was adapted to the geomorphic and hydrographic features of the site of the ancient city.
The road, 5.50 m wide and paved in polygonal slabs of trachyte, shows signs of wear and tear due to the transit of carts. It was located near the ancient city walls, where an access gate to the city probably stood. During recent construction work in contra’ Motton San Lorenzo, a large part of the Roman city wall was discovered. Built with sesquipedalian bricks, this was the foundation of the subsequent construction of the medieval enclosure. This confirms that the Northern part of ancient Vicetia was surrounded by walls, as shown by the 1957 discovery of ruins in contra’ Mure Porta Castello, now stored in the basement of the Industrial Association.

La strada in corso di scavo  (Archivio Soprintendenza per i Beni Archeologici del Veneto)

The road during excavation
(Archive of the Veneto Regional Board for Archaeological Heritage)

The excavation of the walls in contra’ Motton S. Lorenzo (Archive of the Veneto Regional Board for Archaeological Heritage)

The excavation of the walls in contra’ Motton S. Lorenzo (Archive of the Veneto Regional Board for Archaeological Heritage)